Oolong tea is primarily grown and processed in China and Taiwan. The
tea has a unique taste that is quite different from either green tea
and black tea. As oolong tea leaves come from the real tea plant, camellia
sinensis, oolong tea contains caffeine. The caffeine content of oolong
tea is less than black tea but is more than green tea.
Oolong tea is known as a semi-fermented tea, as the tea is semi-oxidized.
The tea leaves will have an oxidation amount of anywhere from 10% up
to 70%. Additionally, oolong tea leaves are processed immediately after
harvesting...unlike black tea leaves.
There are many different types of oolong teas. Some of the more popular
and available types of oolong tea are described below. Images, where
shown, are courtesy of Culinary
Teas and Adagio
Types of Oolong Teas
Ti Kuan Yin : This is a tightly
pelleted tea. The tea is commonly known as the 'Iron Goddess' and
popular. The tea is characterized by it stout, crinkly leaves. This
tea is grown in China.
||Pouchong : This oolong tea is highly
fermented and has long black leaves. This tea is very light and is
one of the most floral of the oolong tea types. This tea is also
commonly grown in Formosa (Taiwan) as well.
||Tung Ting : This tea is considered
one of the best teas from Taiwan. The tea is lightly fermented and
has a light and gentle taste.
||Formosa Oolong : This tea, also from
Taiwan, is picked during the spring. The tea is well known to have
a delicate flavor.
||Darjeeling Oolong : A rare first-flush
oolong tea from the Darjeeling region of India.
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